Tropical forest is the most complex and least understood vegetation on earth and is also one of the most complicated of all ecosystems of the world. It consists of a rich array of species and a complex web or interactions. The tropical forests of Western Ghats are in varying stages of development. The varying climatic, edaphic and physiographic conditions of different localities have lead to the development of the different forest types namely, Wet evergreen forests, Semi-evergreen forests, Moist deciduous forests, Sub-tropical hill forests and Grass lands.
You may have acquainted with such forests abound in natural beauty somewhere in India. It is also easy to specify some places with a long traditional background. But it is difficult to find both these qualities together in a single place. Here lies the importance of Coorg which itself is a blend of scenic beauty and traditional heritage.
Coorg or Kodagu is one of the smallest districts of Karnataka which covers an area of 4,104 sq.km. It was only in 1956, it lost its position as a state and became a district of Karnataka. Till then it had an elected Chief Minister and the Legislative Assembly. Now it is a part of Mangalore Loksabha Constituency comprising three Legislative Assembly Constituencies namely,Mercara, Virajpet and Somwarpet.
In the administrative level, it is divided into three taluks, viz, Madikeri or Mercara, the District Head Quarters, Virajpet and Somwarpet.The boundary at the north is Hassan District and at the northwest it is Dakshin Kannada District.At the same time Mysore District shares the east boundary, Kannur District of Kerala the south west and Wayanad District of Kerala the south. Coorg is situated on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats with highest peaks like Tadiandamol and Pushpagiri.
The largest and serene river, Kauvery, originates on the eastern side of the Western Ghats. A major part of Coorg is watered by the tributaries of River Kauvery and by some other streams which are originated in or around Coorg.
Coorg is one of the major places in India where gets the highest rain fall every year. The intensity of the rainy season reaches its maximum in July and August. The average temparature of Coorg is 15*C and reaches at a maximum of 28*C in April and May. Climate of Coorg consists of three seasons. (1) Winter Season : December to February, (2) Summer Season : March to May and (3) Rainy Season : June to November.
The economy of Coorg is based mainly on agriculture, plantations, forestry and eco-tourism. Being the largest producer of Coffee in India, Coorg also produces cardamom, pepper, rubber, cocoa and oranges.
Eco-tourism has given Coorg a new name in the world of tourism and Kodagu is enriched with three wildlife sanctuaries, viz., Brahmagiri, Talakauvery and Pushpagiri and one national park, named Nagarhole or Rajiv Gandhi National Park. The thick forests of Coorg contains a variety of trees like Sandal, Teak, Rosewood, etc., and animals like elephant, tiger, leopard, cheetah and crocodile.
An attractive event in Coorg is the Kodava Family Sports Tournament which has entered in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest family tournament. It is being held with a participation of more than 300 Kodava families which have their own teams. Even women, who can take part in the competition either with her husband or father, fight for winning the coveted Family Cup.
Eager to know more about Coorg? Coorg, itself, will unveil when you touch this land of miracle beauty.